General law is a set of rules developed and enforced by an appeals court, state supreme court, or federal government in order to govern the conduct of ordinary citizens as citizens. It is the law that governs when an ordinary citizen has a right to appear or be heard in a court of law. It is a body of law that provides for the rights of individuals and allows them to peacefully interact with each other. It is also the body of law that empowers a prosecutor to prove a case beyond a reasonable doubt.
A number of persons and organizations lay claim to being representatives of the general public. A person is generally considered innocent until proven guilty. As such, an individual is able to face charges without having to worry about being financially devastated due to a financial investment or even losing one’s job. A number of people who work as advocates work on a “contributory basis” meaning they get a percentage of the compensation that the plaintiff receives as a result of winning a lawsuit. Sometimes, attorneys do not take any fees if their client wins a case. This is known as a “contingency fee.”
A criminal lawyer represents individuals charged with offenses such as murder, rape, theft, and various other crimes. The responsibility of a criminal defense attorney is to ensure that their client is treated fairly by the prosecuting party and that they are properly represented. Criminal defense attorneys must obtain an overall acquittal in a criminal trial in order to be successful. Commonly, a criminal defense attorney will need to acquire their law degree from an accredited institution of higher learning in order to effectively serve their clients.
A judge in a district court will preside over a case that involves a crime. Typically, a defendant will hire an attorney to represent them, and then select an associate to assist that attorney in preparing all the necessary paperwork in order to have their client’s trial. One example of this type of case is the lifepage prosecution, which involves an alleged drunk driving accident.
When an individual is charged with crimes that range from misdemeanor to capital murder, they can hire an immigration attorney from a criminal law firm. The responsibilities of the immigration attorney include working with authorities to prevent the individual from entering the United States illegally. The immigration attorney also will review and provide advice and counsel to their client, and will assist in any way that they can to ensure that the suspect does not receive the maximum penalty.
As a side note, there is a different type of law that is commonly referred to as civil law, and it deals with crimes that happen in the private realm. A civil lawyer, unlike a criminal lawyer, is not allowed to carry a criminal defense case to trial. Instead, they defend their clients in court based on the facts of the case. A civil lawyer could have just one or four years of experience within the realm of criminal law, and have only the most basic understanding of how it all works.